General Facts About Domestic Violence
Approximately 95% of the victims of domestic violence are women.
In the United States, a woman is more likely to be assaulted, injured, raped, or killed by a male partner that by any other type of assailant.
An estimated 3 to 4 million American women are battered each year by their husbands or partners.
Research suggests that wife-beating results in more injuries that require medical treatment than rape, auto accidents, and muggings combined.
Each year, more than one million women seek medical assistance for injuries caused by battering.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation reports that 30% of female homicide victims are killed by their husbands or boyfriends. 6% of male homicide victims were killed by their wives or girlfriends.
An in-depth study of all one-on-one murder and non-negligent manslaughter cases from1980-84 found that more than one-half (52%) of female victims were killed by male partners.
Abused women comprise approximately 20% of women presenting with injury to hospital emergency services.
Violence will occur at least once in two-thirds of all marriages.
Domestic violence occurs among all races and socioeconomic groups.
National Crime Survey data show that women are the victims of violent crime committed by family members at a rate three times that of men.
Crimes committed by relatives are more likely to result in an attack and injury than those committed by acquaintances or strangers.
According to the National Crime Survey, spouses or ex-spouses commit more that half of all violent crimes by relatives and about two-thirds of all crimes by relatives against women.
National Crime Survey data show that once a woman is victimized by domestic violence, her risk of being victimized again is high. During a six-month time period following an incident of domestic violence, approximately 32% of women are victimized again.
Women seeking shelter services generally report frequent and severe abuse. For example, data from shelters in Illinois show that 51% of battered women reported the abuse occurred at least once a week; another 25% reported a once-per-month frequency. More that 60% were hit with a fist or object. more than one-half had their lives threatened, 40% were kicked and choked, and one-fourth were threatened with a knife or gun. Similarly, one-half of the women seeking shelter services in Texas experienced abuse on a weekly basis; in two-thirds of the cases, violence had been a problem for over a year or more. 40% of these women were abused with weapons, more than two-thirds had their lives threatened, 60% had been kicked, and more than 25% had been sexually assaulted.
Battering often occurs during pregnancy. In just one hospital emergency department, 21% of pregnant women had been battered. These women had twice as many miscarriages as non battered women.
Shelter research shows that 30% of battered women were physically abused during pregnancy.
It has been estimated that 30% of all rape victims are battered women.
National Woman Abuse Prevention Project
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